Disclaimer and Acknowledgements: The SESLHD Emergency Nurse Protocols and Standing Orders are not intended to substitute local policies or guidelines.  Further, while every effort has been made to ensure that the material is accurate and timely, it is provided as an exemplar and for the convenience of the Web site user.  Should any of the material be used to develop and/or adapt policies, guidelines and/or reference materials, South Eastern Sydney Local Health District is to be acknowledged.