Future Emergency Nursing workforce, what is the evidence telling us?

Mrs Vanessa Gorman1

1The Royal Women’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia

OBJECTIVE: High nursing turn-over, and low retention rates amongst the field of emergency nursing according to current evidence is a global phenomenon. How is the current evidence influencing managers and organisations to identify key factors that may improve not only retention, but recruitment, into the speciality of emergency nursing?

METHODS:
This study utilised a bibliographic search as well as the authors own experience when performing the integrative review.

RESULTS:
26 articles were identified as meeting the criteria of the integrative review. Both national and international articles that met inclusion criteria were included.
4 key themes were identified that may impact on the recruitment and retention of emergency nurses: workplace environment, demands on emergency nurses, resilience, and education and training.
The key themes identified all impact on emergency nurse recruitment and retention, but the evidence is conclusive that a multi-level approach needs to be adopted internationally.

CONCLUSIONS:
Emergency nursing recruitment and retention is a multi-faceted issue that requires urgent attention to develop tools and strategies to support organizations to build a sustainable workforce. This study has highlighted the need for further studies to understand why emergency nurses lack the knowledge or capability for a long-term career in emergency nursing.


Biography:

Vanessa commenced her emergency nursing career in 1996 and across her career in emergency nursing she has held positions such as Nurse Unit Manager, Senior Policy Advisor – Department of Health, and State Trauma Manager. Vanessa is the appointed Emergency Services manager at the Royal Women’s Hospital, Melbourne. Vanessa is an appointed member of the International Advisory Council for the Emergency Nursing Association (USA), and is appointed to the CENA membership committee. In 2017, Vanessa was awarded the Australasian Emergency Nurse of the year as she strives to improve emergency care for both patients, and the nursing workforce, through various quality projects.